Panchayati Raj Institution (PRI) in India
The term Panchayati Raj (PRI) in India signifies the system of rural local self-government. It has been established in all the States of India by the Acts of the state Legislatures to build democracy at the grass root level. It is entrusted with rural development. It was constitutionalized through the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act 1992.
Important Committees on Panchayati Raj Institution.
1. Balwant Rai Mehta Committee (1957)
Three – tier Panchayati Raj System –
Gram Panchayat at Village level,
Panchayat Samiti at Block level &
Zila Parishad at the district level.
2. Ashok Mehta Committee (1977)
(i) Two – tier Panchayati Raj System –
Mandal Panchayats at Village level &
Zila Panchayat at the district level.
(ii)Official representation of Political Parties at all levels
of Panchayat elections.
(iii)Seat for SCs & STs should be reserved.
3. GVK Rao Committee (1985)
Regular elections to the PRIs.
4. LM Singhvi (1986)
(i) Regular, Free & fair elections to PRIs.
(ii) Establishment of Nyaya Panchayats.
(iii) More financial resources to village Panchayats.
Few Important Questions based on PRI