Panchayati Raj Institution (PRI) in India

Panchayati Raj Institution (PRI) in India

The term Panchayati Raj (PRI) in India signifies the system of rural local self-government. It has been established in all the States of India by the Acts of the state Legislatures to build democracy at the grass root level. It is entrusted with rural development. It was constitutionalized through the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act 1992.


Important Committees on Panchayati Raj Institution.

1. Balwant Rai Mehta Committee (1957) 
Important Recommendations:
Three – tier Panchayati Raj System – 
Gram Panchayat at Village level, 
Panchayat Samiti at Block level & 
Zila Parishad at the district level.

2. Ashok Mehta Committee (1977) 
Important Recommendations:
(i) Two – tier Panchayati Raj System – 
Mandal Panchayats at Village level & 
Zila Panchayat at the district level.
(ii)Official representation of Political Parties at all levels
of Panchayat elections.
(iii)Seat for SCs & STs should be reserved.

3. GVK Rao Committee (1985) 
Important Recommendation:
Regular elections to the PRIs.

4. LM Singhvi (1986)
Important Recommendations:
(i) Regular, Free & fair elections to PRIs.
(ii) Establishment of Nyaya Panchayats.
(iii) More financial resources to village Panchayats.

Few Important Questions based on PRI

Q1. Who advocated the concept of Panchayati Raj institution in independent India?
Ans-Mahatma Gandhi
Q2. Which was the first committee to be formed on PRI in India?
Ans- Balwant Rai Mehta Committee
Q3. As per the recommendations of which committee, did PR system assumed its present form of a three tier system of local self-governance?
Ans- Balwant Rai Mehta Committee
Q4. On 2 October 1959, which district of the state of Rajasthan became the first one to adopt the Panchayati Raj system?
Ans- Nagor
Q5. According to the Balwant Rai Mehta Committee, Panchayati Raj was provided to the states having a minimum population of?

Ans- 2 Million

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